FDA has taken no significant regulatory action with regards to claims made for cosmetics for almost twenty five years. As a result, claims for cosmetics have become aggressive, as new science and ingredients have blurred the line between cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, leading to a class of products generally referred to as “cosmeceuticals”. There is, however, no regulatory definition of a cosmeceutical, and recent regulatory actions by the FDA suggests that they believe claims for such products are drug claims.Continue Reading FDA Takes Action Against Marketers Making “Cosmeceutical” Claims
Proposition 37, the California Right to Know Genetically Engineered Food Act ("Prop 37”), if approved by the voters on November 6, 2012, will provide that food offered for retail sale in California produced with genetic engineering (“GMO food”) is misbranded unless clearly labeled to say it is genetically engineered. Prop 37 also provides that GMO “processed food” may not on its label, store signage, advertising or promotional materials state or imply that the food is “natural” or words of similar import.
Ballot materials prepared by the Legislative Analyst’s Office (LAO) state that Prop 37 could be interpreted to mean “processed food” is subject to the prohibition against “natural” labels, even if it is not produced with genetic engineering. In our view, this is not the correct interpretation of Prop. 37.Continue Reading Proposition 37 Permits “Natural” Labeling for Non-GMO Processed Food
On August 13, 2012, the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) proposed amendments to the Premerger Notification Rules issued under the Hart Scott Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 (the “HSR Act”). The proposed amendments would expand when a transfer of exclusive rights to a patent in the pharmaceutical industry is potentially reportable under the HSR Act.Continue Reading FTC Proposes Amendments to the Premerger Notification Rules to Expand the Reportability of Transfers of Exclusive Patent Rights in the Pharmaceutical Industry
As part of Sheppard Mullin’s monthly blog on tobacco retailer issues, we are taking a look at the possible future of retailer-operated rolling machines. On March 8, 2012, the U.S. Senate adopted an amendment to the federal highway bill “Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act” (MAP–21) that included a provision impacting retail establishments that offer rolling machines for use to customers. The provision would have changed the definition of “manufacturer of tobacco products” in section 5702(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to “include any person who for commercial purposes makes available for consumer use . . . a machine capable of making cigarettes, cigars, or other tobacco products.”Continue Reading Congress Contemplates Action on Rolling Machines
By Mike Emmick
In the fervor of the U.S.’s current anti-foreign-corruption efforts, a particularly misguided proposal has occasionally reared its ugly head: Requiring “mandatory debarment” for any company that violates the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”).
On the merits, such a proposal is completely wrong-headed. Debarment is a severe, forward-looking administrative remedy – the corporate “death penalty” – not a vehicle to “boost” the penalties for past criminal FCPA violations.Continue Reading Mandatory Debarment for FCPA Violations? A Bad Idea Whose Time Should Never Come
Corporate executives in the health care and environmental industries are rapidly coming to appreciate the implications of the responsible corporate officer doctrine, a recently-revitalized weapon in U.S. Department of Justice’s battle against corporate crime.
This doctrine is a peculiar exception to the usual requirements for a criminal prosecution. Ordinarily, criminal law requires a defendant to have committed a criminal act, and to have done so with criminal intent.Continue Reading The Uncomfortable Resurgence of the Responsible Corporate Officer Doctrine
By Robert Uram
On March 27, 2012, the comment period will close on a petition filed by the Center for Food Safety that calls for the FDA to issue new regulations requiring labeling of all foods produced using genetic engineering (GE). Docket No. FDA-2011-P-0723 (Filed October 12, 2011). Unlike many other developed countries – such as 15 nations in the European Union, Japan, Australia, Brazil, Russia and even China – the U.S. has no laws requiring labeling of genetically engineered foods.Continue Reading Comment Period to Close On Petition to FDA for Mandatory Labeling of All Foods Produced Using Genetic Engineering
Welcome to the next monthly installment in FDA’s enforcement of regulated tobacco products. This month we will examine some of the differences found between different states in FDA enforcement actions against retailers.
Sheppard Mullin has been closely monitoring FDA’s tobacco enforcement actions to better serve its clients. From the beginning of FDA’s program inspecting tobacco retailers, a trend emerged suggesting that there are significant differences in enforcement between retailers depending on the state in which the inspection was conducted. This raises concerns about not only in how each state conducts its retail inspection program, but the level of oversight applied by the Center for Tobacco Control over the program as a whole.Continue Reading State-by-State Differences in Retailer Enforcement
Welcome to the first monthly update on FDA’s enforcement over regulated tobacco products. This update will examine trends in Warning Letters, and cover some unique Warning Letters and enforcement actions that have occurred in the previous month. As the first post regarding tobacco products, we begin with an alert regarding FDA’s issuance of civil money penalty complaints. The update also provides a summary of tobacco related Warning Letters issued by the FDA to date.Continue Reading Update on Tobacco Warning Letters
FDA has at last began formal implementation of the Biologics Price Competition and Innovation Act of 2009 ("BPCI Act"), by announcing the proposal it will send to Congress to implement user fees for "generic" copies of biologics, called biosimilars in the BPCI Act. A biosimilar is a product approved under Section 351(k) of the Public Health Service Act ("PHSA"); approvals are not Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act ("FFDCA") approvals. Under the proposal, the user fees for biosimilars – including the product application fee, the annual product fee and the annual establishment fee – would be identical to the fees established for human drug products approved under Section 505(b) of the FFDCA with one significant difference.Continue Reading FDA Announces Proposals for Biosimilars User Fees and Performance Review Goals